April 18, 2015

Publications

2019

LENAT, DB. 2019. Not Good As Gold: Today’s AI’s Are Dangerously Lacking In AU (Artificial Understanding), Forbes. Article

SHARMA, A., AND GOOLSBEY, K. 2019. Simulation-Based Approach to Efficient Commonsense Reasoning in
Very Large Knowledge Bases, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence. PDF

2018

LENAT, DB. 2018. Sometimes the Veneer of Intelligence is Not Enough, Cognitive World. Article

SHARMA, A., AND GOOLSBEY, K. 2018. Learning Search Policies in Large Knowledge Bases by Randomized Exploration, Advances in Cognitive Systems. PDF

2017

SHARMA, A., AND GOOLSBEY, K. 2017. Identifying Useful Inference Paths in Large Commonsense Knowledge Bases by Retrograde Analysis, In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (San Francisco, CA), AAAI-17. PDF

2016

LENAT, DB. 2016. What Would Turing Say?, AI Magazine, 37:1, 97-101. PDF

SHARMA, A., GOOLSBEY, K., AND WITBROCK, M. 2016. Controlling Search in Very large Commonsense Knowledge Bases: A Machine Learning Approach, in The Fourth Annual Conference on Advances in Cognitive Systems. PDF

2015

BECK, A., LENAT, DB., MOSZKOWICZ, J., PITTMAN, K., SCHNEIDER, D., AND WITBROCK, M.  2015.  Cyc and the Big C: Reading that Produces and Uses Hypotheses about Complex Molecular Biology Mechanisms. In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Austin, TX), AAAI-15.  Google Scholar RTF

2014

LENAT, DB. DURLACH, PJ. 2014. Reinforcing Math Knowledge by Immersing Students in a Simulated Learning-By-Teaching Experience. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education. Google Scholar RTF

2013

SHARMA, A., FORBUS, KD. 2013. Automatic Extraction of Efficient Axiom Sets from Large Knowledge Bases. In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Bellevue, WA), AAAI-13. Google Scholar RTF

2012

SHARMA, A., FORBUS, KD. 2012. Modeling the Evolution of Knowledge in Learning Systems. In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Toronto, ON), AAAI-12. Google Scholar RTF

BLACKSTONE, E., BOOTH, D., DEATON, C., LENAT, DB., OGBUJI, C., PIERCE, CD. 2012. SemanticDB: A Semantic Web Infrastructure for Clinical Research and Quality Reporting. Current Bioinfomatics, 7(3) Google Scholar RTF

FORTUNA, C., KENDA, K., MLADENIC, D., MORARU, A., AND VUCNIK, M. 2012. Towards Building a Global Oracle: a Physical Mashup Using Artificial Intelligence Technology. In The Third International Workshop on the Web of Things, (Newcastle, UK). PDF

2011

LENAT, DB. 2011. Developing and Harnessing a Teachable Agent to Achieve Learning as Effective as a Personal Tutor. Google Scholar RTF

ABRAMS, M., CURTIS, J., DAVIS, A., AND LUDWIG, J. 2011. A Hidden Domain for Human and Electronic Students. In IJCAI Workshop on Agents Learning Interactively from Human Teachers, (Barcelona, Spain). Google Scholar RTF

ASSEL, M., BRADESKO, L.,  DELL’AGLIO, D., DELLA VALLE, E., GALLIZO, G., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2011. Large Knowledge Collider: A Service-oriented Platform for Large-scale Semantic Reasoning. In International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics, (Sogndal, Norway),WIMS’11. PDF

ALI, S., CHENG, H., CURTIS, J., DIVAKARAN, A., JAVED, O., et al. 2011. Team SRI-Sarnoff’s AURORA System @ TRECVID 2011. In NIST TRECVID Workshop. Google Scholar RTF

2010

FOXVOG, D. 2010. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications. 259-278. Google EBook

BAXTER, D., BLACKSTONE, E., DEATON, C., LENAT, DB., SCHNEIDER, D., SCOTT, M., SHEPARD, B., AND WITBROCK, M.  2010.  Harnessing Cyc to Answer Clinical Researchers’ ad hoc Queries. AI Magazine, 31:3. Article

GROBELNIK, M., MLADENIC, D., SAMMUT, C., WEBB, GI., AND WITBROCK, M. 2010. Text Mining for the Semantic Web. Encyclopedia of Machine Learning: 21, 978-980. PDF

2009

BAXTER, D., DAVIES, J., GROBELNIK, M., KLIMT, B., MLADENIC, D., SCHNEIDER, D., AND WITBROCK, M. 2009. Capturing Document Semantics for Ontology Generation and Document Summarization. Semantic Knowledge Management: Integrating Ontology Management, Knowledge Discovery, and Human Language Technologies, 141-154. Article

BAXTER, D., CABRAL, J., CURTIS, J., SCHNEIDER, D., WAGNER, P., AND WITBROCK, M. 2009.  Methods of Rule Acquisition in the TextLearner System. In AAAI Spring Symposium on Learning by Reading and Learning to Read, 22-28. Google Scholar RTF

BAXTER, D., COPPOCK, E.  2009.  A Translation from Logic to English with Dynamic Semantics. Logic and Engineering in Natural Language Semantics, Volume VI. Google Scholar RTF

COPPOCK, E., KAHLERT, RC., WITBROCK, M. 2009. Uniting A Priori and A Posteriori Knowledge: A Research Framework. In The International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Workshop, (Pasadena, CA), 22-28. PDF

2008

KAHLERT, RC. 2008. Danto’s Recipe for Clio: Leveraging Narrative Insights for Modeling Historiography in Symbolic Knowledge Bases. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2. PDF

KAHLERT, RC., RODE, B. 2008. Representational Reformulation in Hypothesis-Driven Recognition. In AAAI 2007 Fall Symposium on Computational Approaches to Representation Change during Learning and Development, (Arlington, VA). Google Scholar RTF

ANDERSSON, B., BRENNAN, P., HUANG, Z., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2008. Towards LarKC: a Platform for Web-scale Reasoning. In The Second IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing. PDF

BAXTER, D., KAHLERT, RC., RODE, B., SCHNEIDER, D., WITBROCK, M., et al.  2008.  Tracking Quantity Fluctuations Using STT. In AAAI 2007 Fall Symposium on Computational Approaches to Representation Change during Learning and Development, (Arlington, VA). PDF

2007

KLIMT, B., MATUSZEK, C., TAYLOR, ME., AND WITBROCK, M. 2007. Autonomous Classification of Knowledge into an Ontology. In The Florida AI Research Society Conference, (Key West, FL), FLAIRS. PDF

MATUSZEK, C., SMITH, PR., TAYLOR, ME., AND WITBROCK, M. 2007. Guiding Inference with Policy Search Reinforcement Learning. In The Florida AI Research Society Conference, (Key West, FL), FLAIRS. Google Scholar RTF

RODE, B. 2007.  Strategies for Hypothesis-Driven Recognition in Rule-Based Systems. In AAAI 2006 Fall Symposium on Capturing and Using Patterns for Evidence Detection, (Washington, DC). Google Scholar RTF

2006

BAXTER, D., CABRAL, J., AND CURTIS, J. 2006. On the Application of the Cyc Ontology to Word Sense Disambiguation. In The Florida AI Research Society Conference, (Melbourne Beach, FL), FLAIRS, 652-657. Google Scholar RTF

BAXTER, D., CURTIS, J., KAHLERT, RC., MATUSZEK, C., SCHNEIDER, D., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2006. Automated Population of Cyc: Extracting Information about Named-entities from the Web. In The Florida AI Research Society Conference, (Melbourne Beach, FL), FLAIRS, 153-158. PDF

ARCHER, C., CRAGO, SP., GOOLSBEY, K., PANCOAST, R., et al. 2006. CEARCH: Cognition Enabled Architecture. In The Tenth Annual High Performance Embedded Computing Workshop, (Lexington, MA). PDF

CAI, Y., LENAT, DB., MATUSZEK, C., SCHNEIDER, D., SHEPARD, B., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2006. Common Sense Reasoning – From Cyc to Intelligent Assistant. Ambient Intelligence in Everyday Life, 1-31. PDF

CABRAL, J., DEOLIVEIRA, J., MATUSZEK, C., AND WITBROCK, M. 2006. An Introduction to the Syntax and Content of Cyc. In 2006 AAAI Spring Symposium on Formalizing and Compiling Background Knowledge and Its Applications to Knowledge Representation and Question Answering, (Palo Alto, CA). Article

CHANG, S., CURTIS, J., HSU, W., KENNEDY, L., TESIC, J., et al. 2006. Large-Scale Concept Ontology for Multimedia. IEEE MultiMedia, Volume 13, 86-91. PDF

2005

BAKER, J., BIRNBAUM, L., FORBUS, K., WAGNER, E., AND WITBROCK, M. 2005. Combining analogy, intelligent information retrieval, and knowledge integration for analysis: A preliminary report. In 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, (McLean, VA). Google Scholar RTF

DEATON, C., KLEIN, C., MAYANS, C., SHEPARD, B., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2005.  The Comprehensive Terrorism Knowledge Base in Cyc. In 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, (McLean, VA). PDF

BAXTER, D., CABRAL, J., KAHLERT, RC., LENAT, DB., MATUSZEK, C., SCHNEIDER, D., SHAH, P., AND WITBROCK, M. 2005. Gathering and Managing Facts for Intelligence Analysis. In 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, (McLean, VA). PDF

CABRAL, J., SHEPARD, B., SIEGEL, N., AND WITBROCK, M. 2005.  Hypothesis Generation and Evidence Assembly for Intelligence Analysis: Cycorp’s Nooscape Application. In 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, (McLean, VA). Google Scholar RTF

RODE, B.  2005.  Towards a Model of Pattern Recovery in Relational Data.  In 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, (McLean, VA). Google Scholar RTF

CABRAL, J., KAHLERT, RC., MATUSZEK, C., SUMMERS, B., AND WITBROCK, M. 2005. Converting Semantic Meta-Knowledge into Inductive Bias. 15th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming, (Bonn, Germany). Google Scholar RTF

BAXTER, D., CURTIS, J., AND MATTHEWS, G. 2005. On the Effective Use of Cyc in a Question Answering System. In IJCAI Workshop on Knowledge and Reasoning for Answering Questions (Edinburgh, Scotland). Google Scholar RTF

GOOLSBEY, K., RAMACHANDRAN, D., REAGAN, P. 2005. First-Orderized ResearchCyc: Expressivity and Efficiency in a Common-Sense Ontology. In AAAI Workshop on Contexts and Ontologies: Theory, Practice and Applications (Pittsburgh, PA), AAAI-05. PDF

FOXVOG, D. 2005. Instances of Instances Modeled via Higher-Order Classes. Foundational Aspects of Ontologies: German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Koblenz, Germany), FOnt 2005. Google Scholar RTF

BAXTER, D.,  GOTTESMAN, B., SCHNEIDER, D., SHEPARD, B., AND SIEGEL, N. 2005.  Interactive Natural Language Explanations of Cyc Inferences. AAAI 2005 International Symposium on Explanation-aware Computing. PDF

BRUSSEAU, A., FRASER, CB.,KAHLERT, RC., LENAT, DB., MATUSZEK, C., AND WITBROCK, M. 2005.  Knowledge Begets Knowledge: Steps towards Assisted Knowledge Acquisition in Cyc. In 2005 AAAI Spring Symposium on Knowledge Collection from Volunteer Contributors, 99-105. Google Scholar RTF

FRASER, CB., HUGHES, T., JANTOS, J., LEFKOWITZ, L., MATUSZEK, C., SHEPARD, B., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2005.  A Knowledge-Based Approach to Network Security: Applying Cyc in the Domain of Network Risk Assessment. AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Pittsburgh, PA), AAAI-05. Google Scholar RTF

CABRAL, J., KAHLERT, RC., LENAT, DB., MATUSZEK, C., SCHNEIDER, D., SHAH, P., AND WITBROCK, M. 2005.  Searching for Common Sense: Populating Cyc from the Web. AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Pittsburgh, PA), AAAI-05. Google Scholar RTF

2004

KAHLERT, RC., MASTERS, J., MATTHEWS, G., PITTMAN, K., SIEGEL, N., AND WITBROCK, M. 2004. Applying Cyc: Using the Knowledge-Based Data Monitor to Track Tests and Defects. Intelligent Agent Architectures: Combining the Strengths of Software Engineering and Cognitive Systems, Technical Report, AAAI-04, (San Jose, CA), 74-79. PDF

ALDAG, B., BERTOLO, S., PANTON, K., REED, SL., REIMERS, M., SCHNEIDER, D., AND WITBROCK, M. 2004. Automated OWL Annotation Assisted by a Large Knowledge Base. International Semantic Web Conference, (Hiroshima, Japan), ISWC2004, 71-80. Google Scholar RTF

GOOLSBEY, K., KAHLERT, R., MATTHEWS, G., AND SIEGEL, N. 2004. The Cyc System: Notes on Architecture. Google Scholar RTF

ALDAG, B., BERTOLO, S., CURTIS, J., SCHNEIDER, D., WITBROCK, M., et al. 2004. Inferring Parts of Speech for Lexical Mappings via the Cyc KB. In 20th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Geneva, Switzerland). PDF

BELASCO, A., CURTIS, J., KLEIN, C., MAYANS, C. et al. 2004. Representing Knowledge Gaps Effectively. Practical Aspects of Knowledge Management, (Vienna, Austria), PAKM 2002. Google Scholar RTF

2003

MAHLER, D., AND MAYBURY, M. 2003. Holistic Query Expansion using Graphical Models.  New Directions in Question Answering. Google Scholar RTF

O’HARA, T., SALAY, N., AND WITBROCK, M. 2003. Inducing Criteria for Mass Noun Lexical Mappings Using the Cyc Knowledge Base and its Extension to WordNet. In Fifth International Workshop on Computational Semantics, (Tilburg, Netherlands), IWCS-5. PDF

BAXTER, D., CURTIS, J., AND WITBROCK, M. 2003. An Interactive Dialogue System for Knowledge Acquisition in Cyc. In 18th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Acapulco, Mexico), IJCAI-03. PDF

GUNGORDU, Z, AND MASTERS, J. 2003. Structured Knowledge Source Integration and its Applications to Information Fusion. In 5th International Conference on Information Fusion, (Annapolis, MD). PDF

2002

MIRAGLIA, P., PANTON, K., AND SALAY, N. 2002. Knowledge Formation and Dialogue Using the KRAKEN Toolset. In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Albert, Canada), AAAI-02, 900-905. Google Scholar RTF

LENAT, DB., AND REED, S. 2002. Mapping Ontologies into Cyc. In AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, (Albert, Canada), AAAI-02. Google Scholar RTF

AITKEN, S., AND CURTIS, J. 2002. A Process Ontology. In European Knowledge Acquisition Workshop, (Siguenza, Spain). EKAW 2002. 108-113. Google Scholar RTF

MASTERS, J. 2002. Structured Knowledge Source Integration and its applications to information fusion. In 5th International Conference on Information Fusion, (Annapolis, MD). Google Scholar RTF

1998

FOXVOG, D., LEHMANN, F. 1998. Putting Flesh on the Bones: Issues that Arise in Creating Anatomical Knowledge Bases with Rich Relational Structures. AAAI Technical Report. PDF

1996

LENAT, DB., STORK DG. 1996. From 2001 to 2001: Common Sense and the Mind of HAL. Hal’s Legacy: 2001 as Dream and RealityPDF

1995

LENAT, DB. 1995.  Artificial Intelligence. Scientific American.

LENAT, DB. 1995.  Cyc: A Large-Scale Investment in Knowledge Infrastructure. Communications of the ACM, 38. Google Scholar RTF

LENAT, DB., AND MARS, NJI. 1995. Steps to Sharing Knowledge. Toward Very Large Knowledge Bases. Google Scholar RTF

1994

GUHA, RV., AND LENAT, DB. 1994.  Enabling Agents to Work Together. Communications of the ACM, 37.

1991

CLARKSON, A., KAISLER, S., LENAT, DB., MODJESKI, RB. et al. 1991.  Strategic Automatic Discovery System. Knowledge-based simulation: methodology and application, 223-260. Google Scholar RTF

1990

GUHA, RV., AND LENAT, DB. 1990.  Building Large Knowledge Based Systems Reading. Addison Wesley.

GUHA, RV., LENAT, DB., PITTMAN, K., PRATT, D., AND SHEPHERD, M. 1990.  Cyc: A Midterm Report. Communications of the ACM: 8, 33. Article