Organism By Taxonomic Kingdom

#$Plant   plants    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    #$Plant is the collection of all plants; it is a member of the #$BiologicalKingdom and contains the primary subjects of #$Biology. Plants are typically stationary, living, whole organisms; the cells of plants generally lack cholesterol and have cell walls that include substances of #$Cellulose. Most, though not all, plants are capable of making sugars by #$Photosynthesis-Plant processes and have green parts. Some example subsets of #$Plant are the collections #$RoseBush, #$SpruceTree, and #$Moss.
    guid: bd58c6e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalKingdom
    direct specialization of: #$EukaryoticOrganism  #$VegetableMatter  #$PlantBLO  #$TopAndBottomSidedObject 
    direct generalization of: #$CropPlant #$Plant-Woody #$Plant-NonWoody #$FloweringPlant

#$Animal   animals

    An instance of #$BiologicalKingdom, and a specialization of #$Organism-Whole. Instances of #$Animal are typically motile, living, whole organisms; they are instances of #$Heterotroph (q.v.), and thus incapable of performing instances of #$Photosynthesis-Generic. Animal cells contain cholesterol and lack cell walls made of cellulose. #$Person is a specialization of #$Animal; see also #$NonPersonAnimal.
    guid: bd58b031-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalKingdom
    direct specialization of: #$PerceptualAgent  #$SolidTangibleThing  #$AnimalBLO  #$Heterotroph  #$EukaryoticOrganism 
    direct generalization of: #$HumanOccupationConstructResident #$MedicalPatient #$OviparousAnimal #$Poikilotherm #$Invertebrate #$ChordataPhylum #$NonPersonAnimal #$AdultAnimal #$FemaleAnimal #$MaleAnimal #$MigratoryAnimal #$Vertebrate #$Herbivore #$Arthropod #$JuvenileAnimal #$ViviparousAnimal #$Homeotherm #$Person

#$Fungus   Mycota

    A specialization of both #$EukaryoticOrganism and #$Heterotroph, and an instance of #$BiologicalKingdom. Instances of #$Fungus are eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that are typically not capable of movement. The cell walls of instances of #$Fungus are structurally similar to the cell walls of #$Plants, but the former are composed mostly of chitin, while the latter are composed mostly of cellulose (see the collections #$Chitin and #$Cellulose). Instances of #$Fungus reproduce by means of spores, which are usually disseminated by the wind. Some types of #$Fungus are parasites (see the collection #$ParasiticOrganism), some are saprophytic (see the collection #$Saprophyte), and some have symbiotic relationships with other organisms. Notable specializations of #$Fungus include #$Mushroom, #$Yeast, and #$RingwormFungus.
    guid: bd589909-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalKingdom
    direct specialization of: #$Heterotroph  #$EukaryoticOrganism 

#$SingleCellOrganism   single-celled organisms    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    A specialization of both #$Microorganism and #$Cell. Each instance of #$SingleCellOrganism is an organism composed of a single self-reproducing living cell. Notable specializations of #$SingleCellOrganism include #$Protozoan, #$ProkaryoticCell, and #$Algae-LikeProtist.
    guid: bd5906e6-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$OrganismTypeByComplexity
    direct specialization of: #$Cell  #$Microorganism 
    direct generalization of: #$ProkaryoticCell #$Protozoan

#$ProkaryoticCell   prokaryotic organisms

    A specialization of #$SingleCellOrganism. Each instance of #$ProkaryoticCell is a single-celled organism that lacks both a nucleus and mitochondria. Notable specializations of #$ProkaryoticCell include #$Bacterium, #$MoneraKingdom, and #$BlueGreenAlgae.
    guid: bd58d537-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$OrganismClassificationType
    direct specialization of: #$SingleCellOrganism 
    direct generalization of: #$MoneraKingdom

#$Bacterium   bacteria    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    The collection of bacteria; a subset of #$SingleCellOrganism. Each element of #$Bacterium is also an element of #$ProkaryoticCell and of #$Heterotroph. Bacteria are typically incapable of processes of #$Photosynthesis-Bacterial. The class #$Bacterium, also called the Schizomycophyta, is one of the divisions of the #$MoneraKingdom. Many bacteria cause diseases that are instances of #$BacterialInfection in both plants and animals, but some are beneficial or even necessary for life. Compare with the #$BlueGreenAlgae.
    guid: bd58d4fb-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalDivision
    direct specialization of: #$MoneraKingdom 

#$BlueGreenAlgae   Cyanobacteria    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    The collection of (mostly dark blue-green in bulk) aquatic organisms called Blue-green Algae or sometimes Cyanobacteria. The elements of #$BlueGreenAlgae are also elements of #$Autotroph and of #$ProkaryoticCell, and they carry out processes of #$Photosynthesis-Bacterial. The class of #$BlueGreenAlgae, also called Cyanophyta, is one of the #$BiologicalDivisions of the #$MoneraKingdom. (Compare with #$Bacterium.)
    guid: bd58852e-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalDivision
    direct specialization of: #$MoneraKingdom 

#$MoneraKingdom   Monera

    An instance of #$BiologicalKingdom, and a specialization of both #$Organism-Whole and #$ProkaryoticCell. Each instance of #$MoneraKingdom is a one-celled prokaryotic organism (so each instance lacks a nuclear membrane, as well as other internal organelles). Specializations of #$MoneraKingdom include #$Bacterium, #$PseudomonasMallei, and #$EscherichiaColi.
    guid: bd58cb4b-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalKingdom
    direct specialization of: #$ProkaryoticCell 

#$ProtistaKingdom   Protista

    An instance of #$BiologicalKingdom and a specialization of #$EukaryoticOrganism. Each instance of #$ProtistaKingdom is a eukaryotic organism that is _not_ a plant, animal, or fungus. All unicellular eukaryotic organisms are instances of #$ProtistaKingdom, although not all instances of #$ProtistaKingdom are unicellular organisms. Notable specializations of #$ProtistaKingdom include #$Protozoan, #$SlimeMold, and #$Algae-LikeProtist.
    guid: bd58a629-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalKingdom
    direct specialization of: #$EukaryoticOrganism 
    direct generalization of: #$Protozoan

#$Protozoan   protozoa

    The collection of protozoa; a subcollection of #$SingleCellOrganism. Instances of #$Protozoan are also instances of #$EukaryoticCell. Subcollections include #$Amoeba and many others. Protozoa lack cell walls made of cellulose. Many protozoa are motile, using pseudopoda, cilia, or flagella to move. Some cause diseases in larger organisms. The class #$Protozoan is an instance of #$BiologicalSubkingdom in many classification systems, sometimes placed under the #$ProtistaKingdom.
    guid: bd58a5e7-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalSubkingdom
    direct specialization of: #$EukaryoticCell  #$SingleCellOrganism  #$ProtistaKingdom 

#$Algae-LikeProtist   algae-like Protists    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    The collection of protists (organisms classed in the #$ProtistaKingdom) that are said to be algae-like, such as golden algae or diatoms.
    guid: bd58a5a0-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalSubkingdom
    direct specialization of: #$EukaryoticCell  #$SingleCellOrganism  #$ProtistaKingdom 

#$SlimeMold   slime molds    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    The collection of slime molds, peculiar creatures that exist in multiple phases, sometimes as scattered cells, sometimes as macroscopic colony-creatures able to move slowly, with vaguely fungal mechanisms. The class of slime molds is treated in many classification systems as an instance of #$BiologicalDivision, called Myxomycota, under the #$ProtistaKingdom. See also #$TrueSlimeMold and #$CellularSlimeMold.
    guid: bd58f7c4-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$BiologicalDivision
    direct specialization of: #$EukaryoticCell  #$SingleCellOrganism  #$ProtistaKingdom 

#$Virus   virii (microorganisms) (organisms) (living things)

    A specialization of #$Microorganism. Each instance of #$Virus consists mainly of a capsid (capsule chamber) containing viral DNA or RNA. Viruses have no cells, but reproduce by inserting into living cells the viral DNA or RNA, which then uses cellular mechanisms to create new viruses. Viruses cause many diseases in all other types of organisms; some can even infect instances of #$Bacterium. Note that #$Virus excludes prions, bacteria, rickettsia, and protists.
    guid: bd589742-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$OrganismClassificationType
    direct specialization of: #$Microorganism