Organism By Source Of Nutrients

#$Heterotroph   heterotrophs

    A specialization of #$Organism-Whole. Each instance of #$Heterotroph is an organism incapable of manufacturing organic nutrients from inorganic raw materials. All instances of #$Animal are instances of #$Heterotroph, since animals must eat other living things, or parts of living things, in order to get the nutrients they need to live. Other specializations of #$Heterotroph include #$ParasiticOrganism and #$Fungus. Cf. #$Autotroph.
    guid: bd590331-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$ExistingObjectType
    direct specialization of: #$Organism-Whole 
    direct generalization of: #$Fungus #$Animal #$Omnivore

#$Omnivore   omnivores

    A specialization of #$Heterotroph (q.v.) and an instance of #$OrganismClassificationType. Instances of #$Omnivore are those animals whose natural diets consist of both plants (or plant parts or plant-derived products) and animals (or animal parts or animal-derived products). Thus a human vegetarian is still omnivorous, since meat is part of our natural diet. Specializations of this collection include #$Pig, #$Bear, and #$Person. See also #$Herbivore and #$Carnivore.
    guid: bd58a5e1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$OrganismClassificationType
    direct specialization of: #$Heterotroph 
    direct generalization of: #$Person

#$Herbivore   herbivores

    A specialization of #$Animal. An animal is an instance of #$Herbivore just in case it is an animal whose natural diet consists exclusively of plants or plant parts. (Thus a horse that was forced or conditioned by humans to eat meat would still be a herbivore, since meat is not part of its natural diet.) Notable specializations of #$Herbivore include the collections #$Ruminant and #$EquineAnimal.
    guid: bd5902f1-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$OrganismClassificationType
    direct specialization of: #$Animal 
    direct generalization of: #$HerdAnimal

#$Carnivore   meat-eating organisms    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    A #$Collection of organisms classified by their typical source of food. Elements of #$Carnivore feed on animals. Note: #$Carnivore is not an instance of #$BiologicalTaxon; e.g., #$Carnivore contains #$Dog as a subset but is not its biological taxon. Note that a #$Carnivore is not necessarily a #$Heterotroph, as carnivorous plants both digest insects and produce food using #$Chlorophyll.
    guid: bd5904f5-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$OrganismClassificationType
    direct specialization of: #$Organism-Whole 
    direct generalization of: #$CanineAnimal #$CarnivoreOrder

#$Saprophyte   saprophytic organisms    **COMMENT NOT REVIEWED**    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    The collection of heterotrophic plants, fungi, or bacteria that live and feed on dead organic matter.
    guid: bd58a626-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$ExistingObjectType
    direct specialization of: #$Heterotroph 

#$Autotroph   autotrophs    **GAFs NOT REVIEWED**

    The collection of organisms capable of manufacturing organic nutrients from inorganic raw materials. Photosynthetic plants fall into this category, as do certain bacteria. See #$Photosynthesis-Generic. Cf. #$Heterotroph.
    guid: bd58ed15-9c29-11b1-9dad-c379636f7270
    direct instance of: #$ExistingObjectType
    direct specialization of: #$Organism-Whole