April 18, 2015



Doug Lenat. “Not Good As Gold: Today’s AI’s Are Dangerously Lacking In AU (Artificial Understanding)”, Forbes, February 18, 2019. Link

Abhishek Sharma and Keith Goolsbey. “Simulation-Based Approach to Efficient Commonsense Reasoning in
Very Large Knowledge Bases”, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (www.aaai.org), 2019. PDF


Doug Lenat. “Sometimes the Veneer of Intelligence is Not Enough”, Cognitive WorldMay 30, 2018. Link

Abhishek Sharma and Keith Goolsbey. “Learning Search Policies in Large Knowledge Bases by Randomized Exploration”, In Advances in Cognitive Systems, 2018. PDF


Abhishek Sharma, Keith Goolsbey. “Identifying Useful Inference Paths in Large Commonsense Knowledge Bases by Retrograde Analysis, AAAI-17” PDF


Lenat, Douglas.  “What Would Turing Say?”, in AI Magazine 37:1, Spring 2016, 97-101. PDF

Abhishek Sharma, Michael Witbrock, and Keith Goolsbey.  “Controlling Search in Very large Commonsense Knowledge Bases: A Machine Learning Approach”, in Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Conference on Advances in Cognitive Systems, 2016. PDF


Witbrock M, Pittman K, Moszkowicz J, Beck A, Lenat DB.  2015.  Cyc and the Big C: Reading that Produces and Uses Hypotheses about Complex Molecular Biology Mechanisms. AAAI-15.  Google Scholar RTF


Lenat DB, Durlach PJ.  2014.  Reinforcing Math Knowledge by Immersing Students in a Simulated Learning-By-Teaching Experience. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education. Google Scholar RTF


Sharma A, Forbus KD.  2013.  Automatic Extraction of Efficient Axiom Sets from Large Knowledge Bases. Proceedings of AAAI: Twenty-Seventh Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Google Scholar RTF


Sharma A, Forbus KD.  2012.  Modeling the Evolution of Knowledge in Learning Systems. Twenty Sixth Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Google Scholar RTF

Pierce CD, Booth D, Ogbuji C, Deaton C, Blackstone E, Lenat D.  2012.  SemanticDB: A Semantic Web Infrastructure for Clinical Research and Quality Reporting. Current Bioinfomatics. 7(3) Google Scholar RTF

Fortuna C., Vucnik M., Fortuna B., Kenda K., Moraru A., Mladenić D.  2012.  Towards Building a Global Oracle: a Physical Mashup Using Artificial Intelligence Technology. Third International Workshop on the Web of Things. PDF


Lenat DB.  2011.  Developing and Harnessing a Teachable Agent to Achieve Learning as Effective as a Personal Tutor. Google Scholar RTF

Ludwig J, Davis A, Abrams M, Curtis J.  2011.  A Hidden Domain for Human and Electronic Students. IJCAI Workshop on Agents Learning Interactively from Human Teachers, Barcelona, Spain July 16-17, 2011. Google Scholar RTF

Cheptsov A, Assel M, Gallizo G, Celino I, Dell’Aglio D, Bradesko L, Witbrock M, Della Valle E.  2011.  Large Knowledge Collider. A Service-oriented Platform for Large-scale Semantic Reasoning. International Conference on Web Intelligence, Mining and Semantics (WIMS’11), ACM International Conference Proceedings Series, Sogndal, Norway, May 2011. PDF

Cheng H, Tamrakar A, Ali S, Yu Q, Javed O, Liu J, Divakaran A, Sawhney H, Hauptmann A, Shah M et al.  2011.  Team SRI-Sarnoff’s AURORA System @ TRECVID 2011. NIST TRECVID Workshop. Google Scholar RTF


Foxvog D.  2010.  Cyc. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications. :259-278. Google EBook

Lenat D, Witbrock M, Baxter D, Blackstone E, Deaton C, Schneider D, Scott J, Shepard B.  2010.  Harnessing Cyc to Answer Clinical Researchers’ ad hoc Queries. AI Magazine. :31,3. Google Scholar RTF

Grobelnik M, Mladeniċ D, Witbrock M, Sammut C, Webb GI.  2010.  Text Mining for the Semantic Web. Encyclopedia of Machine Learning. :Part21,978-980. PDF


Baxter D, Klimt B, Grobelnik M, Schneider D, Witbrock M, Mladeniċ D, Davies J, Grobelnik M, Mladeniċ D.  2009.  Capturing Document Semantics for Ontology Generation and Document Summarization. Semantic Knowledge Management: Integrating Ontology Management, Knowledge Discovery, and Human Language Technologies. :pp.141-154.

Curtis J, Baxter D, Wagner P, Cabral J, Schneider D, Witbrock M.  2009.  Methods of Rule Acquisition in the TextLearner System. S. Nirenburg & T. Oates: 2009 AAAI Spring Symposium on Learning by Reading and Learning to Read. :pp.22-28. Google Scholar RTF

Coppock E, Baxter D.  2009.  A Translation from Logic to English with Dynamic Semantics. Logic and Engineering in Natural Language Semantics VI. Google Scholar RTF

Witbrock M, Coppock E, Kahlert RC.  2009.  Uniting A Priori and A Posteriori Knowledge: A Research Framework. IJCAI-09 workshop. :pp.22-28. Google Scholar RTF


Kahlert RC.  2008.  Danto’s Recipe for Clio: Leveraging Narrative Insights for Modeling Historiography in Symbolic Knowledge Bases. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences. Volume 2

Kahlert RC, Rode B.  2008.  Representational Reformulation in Hypothesis-Driven Recognition. AAAI 2007 Fall Symposium on Computational Approaches to Representation Change during Learning and Development. Google Scholar RTF

Fensel D, van Harmelen F, Andersson B, Brennan P, Cunningham H, Valle ED, Fischer F, Huang Z, Kiryakov A, Lee TK et al.  2008.  Towards LarKC: a Platform for Web-scale Reasoning. Second IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing IEEE-ICSC2008. PDF

Kahlert RC, Rode B, Baxter D, Witbrock M, Forbus K, Birnbaum L, Shah P, Schneider D, Panton K, Belasco A et al.  2008.  Tracking Quantity Fluctuations Using STT. AAAI 2007 Fall Symposium on Computational Approaches to Representation Change during Learning and Development. Google Scholar RTF


Taylor ME, Matuszek C, Klimt B, Witbrock M.  2007.  Autonomous Classification of Knowledge into an Ontology. Twentieth International FLAIRS Conference. Google Scholar RTF

Taylor ME, Matuszek C, Reagan Smith P, Witbrock M.  2007.  Guiding Inference with Policy Search Reinforcement Learning. Twentieth International FLAIRS Conference. Google Scholar RTF

Rode B.  2007.  Strategies for Hypothesis-Driven Recognition in Rule-Based Systems. Proc. AAAI 2006 Fall Symposium on Capturing and Using Patterns for Evidence Detection. Google Scholar RTF


Curtis J, Baxter D, Cabral J.  2006.  On the Application of the Cyc Ontology to Word Sense Disambiguation. the Nineteenth International FLAIRS Conference. :pp.652-657. Google Scholar RTF

Shah P, Schneider D, Matuszek C, Kahlert RC, Aldag B, Baxter D, Cabral J, Witbrock M, Curtis. J.  2006.  Automated Population of Cyc: Extracting Information about Named-entities from the Web. the Nineteenth International FLAIRS Conference. :pp.153-158. Google Scholar RTF

Crago, S.P., McMahon JO, Archer C, Asanovic K, Chaung R, Goolsbey K, Hall M, Kozyrakis C, Olukotun K, O’Reilly U et al.  2006.  CEARCH: Cognition Enabled Architecture. The Tenth Annual High Performance Embedded Computing Workshop. PDF

Cai Y, Abascal J, Panton K, Matuszek C, Lenat DB, Schneider D, Witbrock M, Siegel N, Shepard B.  2006.  Common Sense Reasoning – From Cyc to Intelligent Assistant. Ambient Intelligence in Everyday Life. :pp.1-31. PDF

Matuszek C, Cabral J, Witbrock M, DeOliveira J.  2006.  An Introduction to the Syntax and Content of Cyc. 2006 AAAI Spring Symposium on Formalizing and Compiling Background Knowledge and Its Applications to Knowledge Representation and Question Answering. Google Scholar RTF

Naphade M, Smith JR, Tesic J, Chang S, Hsu W, Kennedy L, Hauptmann A, Curtis J.  2006.  Large-Scale Concept Ontology for Multimedia. IEEE MultiMedia. :86-91. PDF


Forbus K, Birnbaum L, Wagner E, Baker J, Witbrock M.  2005.  Combining analogy, intelligent information retrieval, and knowledge integration for analysis: A preliminary report. 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis. Google Scholar RTF

Deaton C, Shepard B, Klein C, Mayans C, Summers B, Brusseau A, Witbrock M.  2005.  The Comprehensive Terrorism Knowledge Base in Cyc. 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis. Google Scholar RTF

Cabral J, Kahlert RC, Matuszek C, Witbrock M, Summers B.  2005.  Converting Semantic Meta-Knowledge into Inductive Bias. 15th International Conference on Inductive Logic Programming. Google Scholar RTF

Curtis J, Matthews G, Baxter D.  2005.  On the Effective Use of Cyc in a Question Answering System. Papers from the IJCAI Workshop on Knowledge and Reasoning for Answering Questions. Google Scholar RTF

Ramachandran D, Reagan P, Goolsbey K.  2005.  First-Orderized ResearchCyc: Expressivity and Efficiency in a Common-Sense Ontology. Papers from the AAAI Workshop on Contexts and Ontologies: Theory, Practice and Applications. PDF

Schneider D, Matuszek C, Shah P, Kahlert R, Baxter D, Cabral J, Witbrock M, Lenat. DB.  2005.  Gathering and Managing Facts for Intelligence Analysis. 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis. Google Scholar RTF

Siegel N, Shepard B, Cabral J, Witbrock M.  2005.  Hypothesis Generation and Evidence Assembly for Intelligence Analysis: Cycorp’s Nooscape Application. 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis. Google Scholar RTF

Foxvog D.  2005.  Instances of Instances Modeled via Higher-Order Classes. Foundational Aspects of Ontologies (FOnt 2005), 28th German Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Google Scholar RTF

Baxter D, Shepard B, Siegel N, Gottesman B, Schneider D.  2005.  Interactive Natural Language Explanations of Cyc Inferences. AAAI 2005: International Symposium on Explanation-aware Computing. Google Scholar RTF

Witbrock M, Matuszek C, Brusseau A, Kahlert RC, Fraser CB, Lenat DB.  2005.  Knowledge Begets Knowledge: Steps towards Assisted Knowledge Acquisition in Cyc. Papers from the 2005 AAAI Spring Symposium on Knowledge Collection from Volunteer Contributors. :pp.99-105. Google Scholar RTF

Shepard B, Matuszek C, Fraser CB, Wechtenhiser W, Crabbe D, Güngördü Z, Jantos J, Hughes T, Lefkowitz L, Witbrock M et al. 2005.  A Knowledge-Based Approach to Network Security: Applying Cyc in the Domain of Network Risk Assessment. The Seventeenth Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference. Google Scholar RTF

Matuszek C, Witbrock M, Kahlert R, Cabral J, Schneider D, Shah P, Lenat. DB.  2005.  Searching for Common Sense: Populating Cyc from the Web. The Twentieth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Google Scholar RTF

Rode B.  2005.  Towards a Model of Pattern Recovery in Relational Data. 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis. Google Scholar RTF


Siegel N, Matthews G, Masters J, Kahlert R, Witbrock M, Pittman K.  2004.  Agent Architectures: Combining the Strengths of Software Engineering and Cognitive Systems. Papers from the AAAI Workshop on Intelligent Agent Architectures: Combining the Strengths of Software Engineering and Cognitive Systems, Technical Report. :pp.74-79.

Witbrock M, Panton K, Reed SL, Schneider D, Aldag B, Reimers M, Bertolo S.  2004.  Automated OWL Annotation Assisted by a Large Knowledge Base. Workshop Notes of the 2004 Workshop on Knowledge Markup and Semantic Annotation at the 3rd International Semantic Web Conference. :pp.71-80. Google Scholar RTF

Siegel N, Goolsbey K, Kahlert R, Matthews G.  2004.  The Cyc System: Notes on Architecture. Google Scholar RTF

O’Hara, T., Bertolo S, Witbrock M, Aldag B, Panton K, Schneider D, Salay N, Curtis J.  2004.  Inferring Parts of Speech for Lexical Mappings via the Cyc KB. 20th International Conference on Computational Linguistics. Google Scholar RTF

Karagiannis D, Reimer U, Belasco A, Curtis J, Kahlert RC, Klein C, Mayans C, Reagan P.  2004.  “Representing Knowledge Gaps Effectively”. Practical Aspects of Knowledge Management. Google Scholar RTF


Maybury M, Mahler D.  2003.  “Holistic Query Expansion using Graphical Models”.  New Directions in Question Answering. Google Scholar RTF

O’Hara T, Salay N, Witbrock M.  2003.  Inducing criteria for mass noun lexical mappings using the Cyc Knowledge Base and its Extension to WordNet. Fifth International Workshop on Computational Semantics. PDF

Witbrock M, Baxter D, Curtis J.  2003.  An Interactive Dialogue System for Knowledge Acquisition in Cyc. Eighteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Google Scholar RTF

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